A peer-reviewed journal published by K. N. Toosi University of Technology

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Physics, Payam Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran

2 Physics and Accelerators Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, P.O. Box, 14395-836, Tehran, Iran


The production of light, energetic and low-flux ions as a secondary beam caused by nuclear reaction can be used in various branches of nuclear physics. Due to the limited availability of energy in small laboratories equipped with electrostatic accelerators, accessing energetic light particles is crucial. For this purpose, selected nuclear reactions were introduced. In this research, primary proton, deuterium and helium-3 beams with energy less than 2 MeV were used for samples with a thickness of 1019 atom.cm-2 and the yield of reactions was obtained. The laboratory setup was designed in such a way that in addition to the access to the nuclear reaction products with a suitable yield, favorable conditions were provided for the extraction and transfer of the reaction products as well as their interaction with the sample. In these exothermic nuclear reactions, the yield is in the order of 106 particles and secondary proton and alpha particles with energies of 4 to18.5 MeV have been obtained. Also, the selected reactions are in accordance with the radiation protection protocols of similar laboratories.


  • Nuclear reactions were used to produce light, energetic, and low-flux ions as a secondary beam.
  • The laboratory setup facilitated secondary reaction products and their interaction with the sample.
  • The exothermic nuclear reactions yielded approximately 106 secondary H+ and He+ particles.
  • These particles are with energies in the range of 4 to 18.5 MeV.


Main Subjects

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