A peer-reviewed journal published by K. N. Toosi University of Technology

Document Type : Research Article


1 Radiation Application Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Plasma and Nuclear Fusion Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran


Metal surface cleaning or etching techniques using reactive plasma are emerging as one of the dry processing techniques for surface contaminants with high bond energy, especially for cleaning and decontamination of nuclear components and equipment. In this study, the plasma reaction due to the discharge of a dielectric barrier of a mixture of 95% helium and 5% fluorine with cobalt oxide film (Co3O4) grown on the surface of stainless steel 304 was studied experimentally. Experimental results show that cobalt oxide becomes a powder after plasma irradiation and is easily separated from the surface of the base metal. The optimal plasma generating conditions of the dielectric barrier discharge used in this experimental study were obtained at atmospheric pressure, voltage 4.5 kV, and frequency 25 kHz with an etching rate of 10.875 μmol.min-1. The samples were analyzed before and after plasma irradiation, using Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the purification rate was performed using a sequential weighting of the samples with scales 10-4 g accurately obtained. The results show the ability of this method to effectively remove the surface contamination of cobalt from the surface of stainless steel 304.


  • Metal surface cleaning or etching techniques using reactive cold plasma as emerging technique is presented.
  • Removing Cobalt oxide from metal surface with presenting removal rate has been done.
  • Scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the purification rate was performed.


Main Subjects