An international journal published by K. N. Toosi University of Technology

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Physics, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran

Abstract

‎This work presents an alternative method for Mo-99 production as a parent nuclide of Tc-99m which is the most used radioisotope in diagnostic imaging processes‎. ‎Regarding to some benefits of accelerator-based methods over reactor-based methods for Mo-99 production‎, ‎the electron Linac-based method has been selected‎. ‎In this way of production‎, ‎two approaches (one-stage and two-stage) are available using photoneutron reaction in Mo-100 target using bremsstrahlung photons‎. ‎The superiority of one-stage approach and optimal dimension of target has been demonstrated by nuclear simulation using MCNPX2.6 code‎. ‎Thermal analysis of the optimized target has been performed by COMSOL software‎, ‎which has been led to select the indirect cooling system‎. ‎The final suggested conceptual design of the target includes nine Mo-100 stripe plates with 0.2‎, ‎3‎, ‎and 30 cm in thickness‎, ‎width and length‎, ‎respectively which being surrounded by two copper clamps as the cooling ducts‎. ‎The velocity of 2.5 m/s of inlet coolant (water) is sufficient for the suggested cooling system to satisfy the conditions of the turbulent regime as the desired cooling regime‎.

Highlights

• Target design for an accelerator-based method for Mo-99 production.

• Investigation on one-stage and two-stage methods using photoneutron in Mo-100.

• Target design using nuclear simulation by MCNPX2.6 and thermal analysis by COMSOL.

• Suggested conceptual design of the target includes nine Mo-100 stripe plates and cooling system.

Keywords

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